Writing a literature review requires you to read through and collate several research articles and literature sources. This can get very confusing considering the large amount of publications that need to be organized. There is no set way to do this as it will depend on your preference for reading printed articles or online resources.
Often, the literature review will end with a statement of the research question(s). Having a lot of literature to report on can feel overwhelming. It is important to keep the focus on your study, rather than on the literature (Wellington 2005).
As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (e.g., your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your argumentative thesis). It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries.Writing a literature review in the pre or post-qualification, will be required to undertake a literature review, either as part of a course of study, as a key step in the research process.Research questions help writers focus their research by providing a path through the research and writing process. The specificity of a well-developed research question helps writers avoid the “all-about” paper and work toward supporting a specific, arguable thesis.
The structure of a literature review for an article. When a literature review exists as part of an introduction to a study, it follows the structure of the Introduction itself and moves from the general to the specific—presenting the broadest background information about a topic first and then moving to specific studies that support your study, finally leading to your hypothesis statement.
The Literature Review: A Guide for Undergraduates. This guide provides undergraduate students with an introduction to writing a literature review. It will explain several things: what a literature review is, what it includes and how you should approach researching and writing it.
The introduction and literature review to an empirical research study set the stage for the reader. The sections are often considered the most difficult to write. This article provides steps to writing the introduction and literature review sections of an academic research paper.
A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.
Usually, a literature review can be described as an objective, concise, and critical summary of published research literature pertinent to the subject being researched in an article. A literature can be an end in itself (an analysis of what is known about a topic) or a prologue to and rationale for engaging in primary research.
The systematic literature review consists of evidence that answers a specific research question. It uses a methodological process, including collecting data, reporting the details collated from the research, and analyzing the data at hand.
An “express method” of writing a literature review for a research paper is as follows: first, write a one paragraph description of each article that you read. Second, choose how you will order all the paragraphs and combine them in one document.
A literature review demonstrates that you have read around your topic and have a broad understanding of previous research, including its limitations. In the literature review, you summarise the main viewpoints and important facts that you encountered in your reading as they relate to your chosen topic.
Conclusion. To structure a good literature review, you should create a complete concept in your mind. It includes from where you need to start and how you will conclude the whole review. Below, is the complete outline that you can take as a guide to structure your good literature review.
The goal of this literature review was to compare three general anesthesia techniques in children and their associated incidence of EA. The three techniques were (a) sevoflurane inhalational general anesthetic, (b) propofol as an adjunct to sevoflurane inhalational general anesthetic, and (c) propofol TIVA techniques.
A properly written research question has several characteristics. It should be clearly defined, and free of jargon. The question should be sufficiently focused to steer your research to its logical conclusion. It should summarize an outstanding issue or problem you want to investigate through research-by a literature review or an experimental study or a theoretical exercise.